class scipy.interpolate.RegularGridInterpolator(points, values, method='linear', bounds_error=True, fill_value=nan)[source]#

Interpolation on a regular or rectilinear grid in arbitrary dimensions.

The data must be defined on a rectilinear grid; that is, a rectangular grid with even or uneven spacing. Linear, nearest-neighbor, spline interpolations are supported. After setting up the interpolator object, the interpolation method may be chosen at each evaluation.

pointstuple of ndarray of float, with shapes (m1, ), …, (mn, )

The points defining the regular grid in n dimensions. The points in each dimension (i.e. every elements of the points tuple) must be strictly ascending or descending.

valuesarray_like, shape (m1, …, mn, …)

The data on the regular grid in n dimensions. Complex data can be acceptable.

methodstr, optional

The method of interpolation to perform. Supported are “linear”, “nearest”, “slinear”, “cubic”, “quintic” and “pchip”. This parameter will become the default for the object’s __call__ method. Default is “linear”.

bounds_errorbool, optional

If True, when interpolated values are requested outside of the domain of the input data, a ValueError is raised. If False, then fill_value is used. Default is True.

fill_valuefloat or None, optional

The value to use for points outside of the interpolation domain. If None, values outside the domain are extrapolated. Default is np.nan.

See also


Nearest neighbor interpolation on unstructured data in N dimensions


Piecewise linear interpolant on unstructured data in N dimensions


a convenience function which wraps RegularGridInterpolator


interpolation on grids with equal spacing (suitable for e.g., N-D image resampling)


Contrary to LinearNDInterpolator and NearestNDInterpolator, this class avoids expensive triangulation of the input data by taking advantage of the regular grid structure.

In other words, this class assumes that the data is defined on a rectilinear grid.

New in version 0.14.

The ‘slinear’(k=1), ‘cubic’(k=3), and ‘quintic’(k=5) methods are tensor-product spline interpolators, where k is the spline degree, If any dimension has fewer points than k + 1, an error will be raised.

New in version 1.9.

If the input data is such that dimensions have incommensurate units and differ by many orders of magnitude, the interpolant may have numerical artifacts. Consider rescaling the data before interpolating.



Python package regulargrid by Johannes Buchner, see


Wikipedia, “Trilinear interpolation”,


Weiser, Alan, and Sergio E. Zarantonello. “A note on piecewise linear and multilinear table interpolation in many dimensions.” MATH. COMPUT. 50.181 (1988): 189-196. DOI:10.1090/S0025-5718-1988-0917826-0


Evaluate a function on the points of a 3-D grid

As a first example, we evaluate a simple example function on the points of a 3-D grid:

>>> from scipy.interpolate import RegularGridInterpolator
>>> import numpy as np
>>> def f(x, y, z):
...     return 2 * x**3 + 3 * y**2 - z
>>> x = np.linspace(1, 4, 11)
>>> y = np.linspace(4, 7, 22)
>>> z = np.linspace(7, 9, 33)
>>> xg, yg ,zg = np.meshgrid(x, y, z, indexing='ij', sparse=True)
>>> data = f(xg, yg, zg)

data is now a 3-D array with data[i, j, k] = f(x[i], y[j], z[k]). Next, define an interpolating function from this data:

>>> interp = RegularGridInterpolator((x, y, z), data)

Evaluate the interpolating function at the two points (x,y,z) = (2.1, 6.2, 8.3) and (3.3, 5.2, 7.1):

>>> pts = np.array([[2.1, 6.2, 8.3],
...                 [3.3, 5.2, 7.1]])
>>> interp(pts)
array([ 125.80469388,  146.30069388])

which is indeed a close approximation to

>>> f(2.1, 6.2, 8.3), f(3.3, 5.2, 7.1)
(125.54200000000002, 145.894)

Interpolate and extrapolate a 2D dataset

As a second example, we interpolate and extrapolate a 2D data set:

>>> x, y = np.array([-2, 0, 4]), np.array([-2, 0, 2, 5])
>>> def ff(x, y):
...     return x**2 + y**2
>>> xg, yg = np.meshgrid(x, y, indexing='ij')
>>> data = ff(xg, yg)
>>> interp = RegularGridInterpolator((x, y), data,
...                                  bounds_error=False, fill_value=None)
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig = plt.figure()
>>> ax = fig.add_subplot(projection='3d')
>>> ax.scatter(xg.ravel(), yg.ravel(), data.ravel(),
...            s=60, c='k', label='data')

Evaluate and plot the interpolator on a finer grid

>>> xx = np.linspace(-4, 9, 31)
>>> yy = np.linspace(-4, 9, 31)
>>> X, Y = np.meshgrid(xx, yy, indexing='ij')
>>> # interpolator
>>> ax.plot_wireframe(X, Y, interp((X, Y)), rstride=3, cstride=3,
...                   alpha=0.4, color='m', label='linear interp')
>>> # ground truth
>>> ax.plot_wireframe(X, Y, ff(X, Y), rstride=3, cstride=3,
...                   alpha=0.4, label='ground truth')
>>> plt.legend()

Other examples are given in the tutorial.

gridtuple of ndarrays

The points defining the regular grid in n dimensions. This tuple defines the full grid via np.meshgrid(*grid, indexing='ij')


Data values at the grid.


Interpolation method.

fill_valuefloat or None

Use this value for out-of-bounds arguments to __call__.


If True, out-of-bounds argument raise a ValueError.


__call__(xi[, method])

Interpolation at coordinates.