skewtest#
- scipy.stats.skewtest(a, axis=0, nan_policy='propagate', alternative='two-sided', *, keepdims=False)[source]#
Test whether the skew is different from the normal distribution.
This function tests the null hypothesis that the skewness of the population that the sample was drawn from is the same as that of a corresponding normal distribution.
- Parameters:
- aarray
The data to be tested. Must contain at least eight observations.
- axisint or None, default: 0
If an int, the axis of the input along which to compute the statistic. The statistic of each axis-slice (e.g. row) of the input will appear in a corresponding element of the output. If
None
, the input will be raveled before computing the statistic.- nan_policy{‘propagate’, ‘omit’, ‘raise’}
Defines how to handle input NaNs.
propagate
: if a NaN is present in the axis slice (e.g. row) along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.omit
: NaNs will be omitted when performing the calculation. If insufficient data remains in the axis slice along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.raise
: if a NaN is present, aValueError
will be raised.
- alternative{‘two-sided’, ‘less’, ‘greater’}, optional
Defines the alternative hypothesis. Default is ‘two-sided’. The following options are available:
‘two-sided’: the skewness of the distribution underlying the sample is different from that of the normal distribution (i.e. 0)
‘less’: the skewness of the distribution underlying the sample is less than that of the normal distribution
‘greater’: the skewness of the distribution underlying the sample is greater than that of the normal distribution
Added in version 1.7.0.
- keepdimsbool, default: False
If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.
- Returns:
- statisticfloat
The computed z-score for this test.
- pvaluefloat
The p-value for the hypothesis test.
See also
- Skewness test
Extended example
Notes
The sample size must be at least 8.
Beginning in SciPy 1.9,
np.matrix
inputs (not recommended for new code) are converted tonp.ndarray
before the calculation is performed. In this case, the output will be a scalar ornp.ndarray
of appropriate shape rather than a 2Dnp.matrix
. Similarly, while masked elements of masked arrays are ignored, the output will be a scalar ornp.ndarray
rather than a masked array withmask=False
.References
[1]R. B. D’Agostino, A. J. Belanger and R. B. D’Agostino Jr., “A suggestion for using powerful and informative tests of normality”, American Statistician 44, pp. 316-321, 1990.
Examples
>>> from scipy.stats import skewtest >>> skewtest([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]) SkewtestResult(statistic=1.0108048609177787, pvalue=0.3121098361421897) >>> skewtest([2, 8, 0, 4, 1, 9, 9, 0]) SkewtestResult(statistic=0.44626385374196975, pvalue=0.6554066631275459) >>> skewtest([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8000]) SkewtestResult(statistic=3.571773510360407, pvalue=0.0003545719905823133) >>> skewtest([100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 101]) SkewtestResult(statistic=3.5717766638478072, pvalue=0.000354567720281634) >>> skewtest([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8], alternative='less') SkewtestResult(statistic=1.0108048609177787, pvalue=0.8439450819289052) >>> skewtest([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8], alternative='greater') SkewtestResult(statistic=1.0108048609177787, pvalue=0.15605491807109484)
For a more detailed example, see Skewness test.