scipy.stats.

# normaltest#

scipy.stats.normaltest(a, axis=0, nan_policy='propagate', *, keepdims=False)[source]#

Test whether a sample differs from a normal distribution.

This function tests the null hypothesis that a sample comes from a normal distribution. It is based on D’Agostino and Pearson’s [1], [2] test that combines skew and kurtosis to produce an omnibus test of normality.

Parameters:
aarray_like

The array containing the sample to be tested. Must contain at least eight observations.

axisint or None, default: 0

If an int, the axis of the input along which to compute the statistic. The statistic of each axis-slice (e.g. row) of the input will appear in a corresponding element of the output. If `None`, the input will be raveled before computing the statistic.

nan_policy{‘propagate’, ‘omit’, ‘raise’}

Defines how to handle input NaNs.

• `propagate`: if a NaN is present in the axis slice (e.g. row) along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.

• `omit`: NaNs will be omitted when performing the calculation. If insufficient data remains in the axis slice along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.

• `raise`: if a NaN is present, a `ValueError` will be raised.

keepdimsbool, default: False

If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.

Returns:
statisticfloat or array

`s^2 + k^2`, where `s` is the z-score returned by `skewtest` and `k` is the z-score returned by `kurtosistest`.

pvaluefloat or array

A 2-sided chi squared probability for the hypothesis test.

Normal test

Extended example

Notes

Beginning in SciPy 1.9, `np.matrix` inputs (not recommended for new code) are converted to `np.ndarray` before the calculation is performed. In this case, the output will be a scalar or `np.ndarray` of appropriate shape rather than a 2D `np.matrix`. Similarly, while masked elements of masked arrays are ignored, the output will be a scalar or `np.ndarray` rather than a masked array with `mask=False`.

References

[1]

D’Agostino, R. B. (1971), “An omnibus test of normality for moderate and large sample size”, Biometrika, 58, 341-348

[2]

D’Agostino, R. and Pearson, E. S. (1973), “Tests for departure from normality”, Biometrika, 60, 613-622

Examples

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy import stats
>>> rng = np.random.default_rng()
>>> pts = 1000
>>> a = rng.normal(0, 1, size=pts)
>>> b = rng.normal(2, 1, size=pts)
>>> x = np.concatenate((a, b))
>>> res = stats.normaltest(x)
>>> res.statistic
53.619...  # random
>>> res.pvalue
2.273917413209226e-12  # random
```

For a more detailed example, see Normal test.