# scipy.misc.central_diff_weights#

scipy.misc.central_diff_weights(Np, ndiv=1)[source]#

Return weights for an Np-point central derivative.

Assumes equally-spaced function points.

If weights are in the vector w, then derivative is w * f(x-ho*dx) + … + w[-1] * f(x+h0*dx)

Deprecated since version 1.10.0: `central_diff_weights` has been deprecated from `scipy.misc.central_diff_weights` in SciPy 1.10.0 and it will be completely removed in SciPy 1.12.0. You may consider using findiff: https://github.com/maroba/findiff or numdifftools: https://github.com/pbrod/numdifftools

Parameters:
Npint

Number of points for the central derivative.

ndivint, optional

Number of divisions. Default is 1.

Returns:
wndarray

Weights for an Np-point central derivative. Its size is Np.

Notes

Can be inaccurate for a large number of points.

References

Examples

We can calculate a derivative value of a function.

```>>> from scipy.misc import central_diff_weights
>>> def f(x):
...     return 2 * x**2 + 3
>>> x = 3.0 # derivative point
>>> h = 0.1 # differential step
>>> Np = 3 # point number for central derivative
>>> weights = central_diff_weights(Np) # weights for first derivative
>>> vals = [f(x + (i - Np/2) * h) for i in range(Np)]
>>> sum(w * v for (w, v) in zip(weights, vals))/h
11.79999999999998
```

This value is close to the analytical solution: f’(x) = 4x, so f’(3) = 12