scipy.linalg.lapack.get_lapack_funcs#

scipy.linalg.lapack.get_lapack_funcs(names, arrays=(), dtype=None, ilp64=False)[source]#

Return available LAPACK function objects from names.

Arrays are used to determine the optimal prefix of LAPACK routines.

Parameters:
namesstr or sequence of str

Name(s) of LAPACK functions without type prefix.

arrayssequence of ndarrays, optional

Arrays can be given to determine optimal prefix of LAPACK routines. If not given, double-precision routines will be used, otherwise the most generic type in arrays will be used.

dtypestr or dtype, optional

Data-type specifier. Not used if arrays is non-empty.

ilp64{True, False, ‘preferred’}, optional

Whether to return ILP64 routine variant. Choosing ‘preferred’ returns ILP64 routine if available, and otherwise the 32-bit routine. Default: False

Returns:
funcslist

List containing the found function(s).

Notes

This routine automatically chooses between Fortran/C interfaces. Fortran code is used whenever possible for arrays with column major order. In all other cases, C code is preferred.

In LAPACK, the naming convention is that all functions start with a type prefix, which depends on the type of the principal matrix. These can be one of {‘s’, ‘d’, ‘c’, ‘z’} for the NumPy types {float32, float64, complex64, complex128} respectively, and are stored in attribute typecode of the returned functions.

Examples

Suppose we would like to use ‘?lange’ routine which computes the selected norm of an array. We pass our array in order to get the correct ‘lange’ flavor.

>>> import scipy.linalg as LA
>>> rng = np.random.default_rng()
>>> a = rng.random((3,2))
>>> x_lange = LA.get_lapack_funcs('lange', (a,))
>>> x_lange.typecode
'd'
>>> x_lange = LA.get_lapack_funcs('lange',(a*1j,))
>>> x_lange.typecode
'z'

Several LAPACK routines work best when its internal WORK array has the optimal size (big enough for fast computation and small enough to avoid waste of memory). This size is determined also by a dedicated query to the function which is often wrapped as a standalone function and commonly denoted as ###_lwork. Below is an example for ?sysv

>>> import scipy.linalg as LA
>>> rng = np.random.default_rng()
>>> a = rng.random((1000, 1000))
>>> b = rng.random((1000, 1)) * 1j
>>> # We pick up zsysv and zsysv_lwork due to b array
... xsysv, xlwork = LA.get_lapack_funcs(('sysv', 'sysv_lwork'), (a, b))
>>> opt_lwork, _ = xlwork(a.shape[0])  # returns a complex for 'z' prefix
>>> udut, ipiv, x, info = xsysv(a, b, lwork=int(opt_lwork.real))