scipy.signal.square¶

scipy.signal.square(t, duty=0.5)[source]

Return a periodic square-wave waveform.

The square wave has a period 2*pi, has value +1 from 0 to 2*pi*duty and -1 from 2*pi*duty to 2*pi. duty must be in the interval [0,1].

Note that this is not band-limited. It produces an infinite number of harmonics, which are aliased back and forth across the frequency spectrum.

Parameters
tarray_like

The input time array.

dutyarray_like, optional

Duty cycle. Default is 0.5 (50% duty cycle). If an array, causes wave shape to change over time, and must be the same length as t.

Returns
yndarray

Output array containing the square waveform.

Examples

A 5 Hz waveform sampled at 500 Hz for 1 second:

>>> from scipy import signal
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> t = np.linspace(0, 1, 500, endpoint=False)
>>> plt.plot(t, signal.square(2 * np.pi * 5 * t))
>>> plt.ylim(-2, 2)


A pulse-width modulated sine wave:

>>> plt.figure()
>>> sig = np.sin(2 * np.pi * t)
>>> pwm = signal.square(2 * np.pi * 30 * t, duty=(sig + 1)/2)
>>> plt.subplot(2, 1, 1)
>>> plt.plot(t, sig)
>>> plt.subplot(2, 1, 2)
>>> plt.plot(t, pwm)
>>> plt.ylim(-1.5, 1.5)


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