SciPy

scipy.fft.irfft

scipy.fft.irfft(x, n=None, axis=-1, norm=None, overwrite_x=False, workers=None)[source]

Compute the inverse of the n-point DFT for real input.

This function computes the inverse of the 1-D n-point discrete Fourier Transform of real input computed by rfft. In other words, irfft(rfft(x), len(x)) == x to within numerical accuracy. (See Notes below for why len(a) is necessary here.)

The input is expected to be in the form returned by rfft, i.e., the real zero-frequency term followed by the complex positive frequency terms in order of increasing frequency. Since the discrete Fourier Transform of real input is Hermitian-symmetric, the negative frequency terms are taken to be the complex conjugates of the corresponding positive frequency terms.

Parameters
xarray_like

The input array.

nint, optional

Length of the transformed axis of the output. For n output points, n//2+1 input points are necessary. If the input is longer than this, it is cropped. If it is shorter than this, it is padded with zeros. If n is not given, it is taken to be 2*(m-1), where m is the length of the input along the axis specified by axis.

axisint, optional

Axis over which to compute the inverse FFT. If not given, the last axis is used.

norm{None, “ortho”}, optional

Normalization mode (see fft). Default is None.

overwrite_xbool, optional

If True, the contents of x can be destroyed; the default is False. See fft for more details.

workersint, optional

Maximum number of workers to use for parallel computation. If negative, the value wraps around from os.cpu_count(). See fft for more details.

Returns
outndarray

The truncated or zero-padded input, transformed along the axis indicated by axis, or the last one if axis is not specified. The length of the transformed axis is n, or, if n is not given, 2*(m-1) where m is the length of the transformed axis of the input. To get an odd number of output points, n must be specified.

Raises
IndexError

If axis is larger than the last axis of x.

See also

rfft

The 1-D FFT of real input, of which irfft is inverse.

fft

The 1-D FFT.

irfft2

The inverse of the 2-D FFT of real input.

irfftn

The inverse of the N-D FFT of real input.

Notes

Returns the real valued n-point inverse discrete Fourier transform of x, where x contains the non-negative frequency terms of a Hermitian-symmetric sequence. n is the length of the result, not the input.

If you specify an n such that a must be zero-padded or truncated, the extra/removed values will be added/removed at high frequencies. One can thus resample a series to m points via Fourier interpolation by: a_resamp = irfft(rfft(a), m).

The default value of n assumes an even output length. By the Hermitian symmetry, the last imaginary component must be 0 and so is ignored. To avoid losing information, the correct length of the real input must be given.

Examples

>>> import scipy.fft
>>> scipy.fft.ifft([1, -1j, -1, 1j])
array([0.+0.j,  1.+0.j,  0.+0.j,  0.+0.j]) # may vary
>>> scipy.fft.irfft([1, -1j, -1])
array([0.,  1.,  0.,  0.])

Notice how the last term in the input to the ordinary ifft is the complex conjugate of the second term, and the output has zero imaginary part everywhere. When calling irfft, the negative frequencies are not specified, and the output array is purely real.

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