SciPy

scipy.cluster.hierarchy.DisjointSet

class scipy.cluster.hierarchy.DisjointSet(elements=None)[source]

Disjoint set data structure for incremental connectivity queries.

Notes

This class implements the disjoint set [1], also known as the union-find or merge-find data structure. The find operation (implemented in __getitem__) implements the path halving variant. The merge method implements the merge by size variant.

References

1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disjoint-set_data_structure

Examples

>>> from scipy.cluster.hierarchy import DisjointSet

Initialize a disjoint set:

>>> disjoint_set = DisjointSet([1, 2, 3, 'a', 'b'])

Merge some subsets:

>>> disjoint_set.merge(1, 2)
True
>>> disjoint_set.merge(3, 'a')
True
>>> disjoint_set.merge('a', 'b')
True
>>> disjoint_set.merge('b', 'b')
False

Find root elements:

>>> disjoint_set[2]
1
>>> disjoint_set['b']
3

Test connectivity:

>>> disjoint_set.connected(1, 2)
True
>>> disjoint_set.connected(1, 'b')
False

List elements in disjoint set:

>>> list(disjoint_set)
[1, 2, 3, 'a', 'b']
Attributes
n_subsetsint

The number of subsets.

Methods

add(self, x)

Add element x to disjoint set

merge(self, x, y)

Merge the subsets of x and y.

connected(self, x, y)

Test whether x and y are in the same subset.

__getitem__(self, x)

Find the root element of x.

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