# scipy.stats.uniform#

scipy.stats.uniform = <scipy.stats._continuous_distns.uniform_gen object>[source]#

A uniform continuous random variable.

In the standard form, the distribution is uniform on `[0, 1]`. Using the parameters `loc` and `scale`, one obtains the uniform distribution on `[loc, loc + scale]`.

As an instance of the `rv_continuous` class, `uniform` object inherits from it a collection of generic methods (see below for the full list), and completes them with details specific for this particular distribution.

Examples

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy.stats import uniform
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots(1, 1)
```

Calculate the first four moments:

```>>> mean, var, skew, kurt = uniform.stats(moments='mvsk')
```

Display the probability density function (`pdf`):

```>>> x = np.linspace(uniform.ppf(0.01),
...                 uniform.ppf(0.99), 100)
>>> ax.plot(x, uniform.pdf(x),
...        'r-', lw=5, alpha=0.6, label='uniform pdf')
```

Alternatively, the distribution object can be called (as a function) to fix the shape, location and scale parameters. This returns a “frozen” RV object holding the given parameters fixed.

Freeze the distribution and display the frozen `pdf`:

```>>> rv = uniform()
>>> ax.plot(x, rv.pdf(x), 'k-', lw=2, label='frozen pdf')
```

Check accuracy of `cdf` and `ppf`:

```>>> vals = uniform.ppf([0.001, 0.5, 0.999])
>>> np.allclose([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], uniform.cdf(vals))
True
```

Generate random numbers:

```>>> r = uniform.rvs(size=1000)
```

And compare the histogram:

```>>> ax.hist(r, density=True, bins='auto', histtype='stepfilled', alpha=0.2)
>>> ax.set_xlim([x[0], x[-1]])
>>> ax.legend(loc='best', frameon=False)
>>> plt.show()
```

Methods

 rvs(loc=0, scale=1, size=1, random_state=None) Random variates. pdf(x, loc=0, scale=1) Probability density function. logpdf(x, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the probability density function. cdf(x, loc=0, scale=1) Cumulative distribution function. logcdf(x, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the cumulative distribution function. sf(x, loc=0, scale=1) Survival function (also defined as `1 - cdf`, but sf is sometimes more accurate). logsf(x, loc=0, scale=1) Log of the survival function. ppf(q, loc=0, scale=1) Percent point function (inverse of `cdf` — percentiles). isf(q, loc=0, scale=1) Inverse survival function (inverse of `sf`). moment(order, loc=0, scale=1) Non-central moment of the specified order. stats(loc=0, scale=1, moments=’mv’) Mean(‘m’), variance(‘v’), skew(‘s’), and/or kurtosis(‘k’). entropy(loc=0, scale=1) (Differential) entropy of the RV. fit(data) Parameter estimates for generic data. See scipy.stats.rv_continuous.fit for detailed documentation of the keyword arguments. expect(func, args=(), loc=0, scale=1, lb=None, ub=None, conditional=False, **kwds) Expected value of a function (of one argument) with respect to the distribution. median(loc=0, scale=1) Median of the distribution. mean(loc=0, scale=1) Mean of the distribution. var(loc=0, scale=1) Variance of the distribution. std(loc=0, scale=1) Standard deviation of the distribution. interval(confidence, loc=0, scale=1) Confidence interval with equal areas around the median.