scipy.stats.

# tvar#

scipy.stats.tvar(a, limits=None, inclusive=(True, True), axis=0, ddof=1, *, nan_policy='propagate', keepdims=False)[source]#

Compute the trimmed variance.

This function computes the sample variance of an array of values, while ignoring values which are outside of given limits.

Parameters:
aarray_like

Array of values.

limitsNone or (lower limit, upper limit), optional

Values in the input array less than the lower limit or greater than the upper limit will be ignored. When limits is None, then all values are used. Either of the limit values in the tuple can also be None representing a half-open interval. The default value is None.

inclusive(bool, bool), optional

A tuple consisting of the (lower flag, upper flag). These flags determine whether values exactly equal to the lower or upper limits are included. The default value is (True, True).

axisint or None, default: 0

If an int, the axis of the input along which to compute the statistic. The statistic of each axis-slice (e.g. row) of the input will appear in a corresponding element of the output. If `None`, the input will be raveled before computing the statistic.

ddofint, optional

Delta degrees of freedom. Default is 1.

nan_policy{‘propagate’, ‘omit’, ‘raise’}

Defines how to handle input NaNs.

• `propagate`: if a NaN is present in the axis slice (e.g. row) along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.

• `omit`: NaNs will be omitted when performing the calculation. If insufficient data remains in the axis slice along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.

• `raise`: if a NaN is present, a `ValueError` will be raised.

keepdimsbool, default: False

If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.

Returns:
tvarfloat

Trimmed variance.

Notes

`tvar` computes the unbiased sample variance, i.e. it uses a correction factor `n / (n - 1)`.

Beginning in SciPy 1.9, `np.matrix` inputs (not recommended for new code) are converted to `np.ndarray` before the calculation is performed. In this case, the output will be a scalar or `np.ndarray` of appropriate shape rather than a 2D `np.matrix`. Similarly, while masked elements of masked arrays are ignored, the output will be a scalar or `np.ndarray` rather than a masked array with `mask=False`.

Examples

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy import stats
>>> x = np.arange(20)
>>> stats.tvar(x)
35.0
>>> stats.tvar(x, (3,17))
20.0
```