scipy.stats.

# obrientransform#

scipy.stats.obrientransform(*samples)[source]#

Compute the O’Brien transform on input data (any number of arrays).

Used to test for homogeneity of variance prior to running one-way stats. Each array in `*samples` is one level of a factor. If `f_oneway` is run on the transformed data and found significant, the variances are unequal. From Maxwell and Delaney [1], p.112.

Parameters:
sample1, sample2, …array_like

Any number of arrays.

Returns:
obrientransformndarray

Transformed data for use in an ANOVA. The first dimension of the result corresponds to the sequence of transformed arrays. If the arrays given are all 1-D of the same length, the return value is a 2-D array; otherwise it is a 1-D array of type object, with each element being an ndarray.

References

[1]

S. E. Maxwell and H. D. Delaney, “Designing Experiments and Analyzing Data: A Model Comparison Perspective”, Wadsworth, 1990.

Examples

We’ll test the following data sets for differences in their variance.

```>>> x = [10, 11, 13, 9, 7, 12, 12, 9, 10]
>>> y = [13, 21, 5, 10, 8, 14, 10, 12, 7, 15]
```

Apply the O’Brien transform to the data.

```>>> from scipy.stats import obrientransform
>>> tx, ty = obrientransform(x, y)
```

Use `scipy.stats.f_oneway` to apply a one-way ANOVA test to the transformed data.

```>>> from scipy.stats import f_oneway
>>> F, p = f_oneway(tx, ty)
>>> p
0.1314139477040335
```

If we require that `p < 0.05` for significance, we cannot conclude that the variances are different.