friedmanchisquare#
- scipy.stats.friedmanchisquare(*samples, axis=0, nan_policy='propagate', keepdims=False)[source]#
Compute the Friedman test for repeated samples.
The Friedman test tests the null hypothesis that repeated samples of the same individuals have the same distribution. It is often used to test for consistency among samples obtained in different ways. For example, if two sampling techniques are used on the same set of individuals, the Friedman test can be used to determine if the two sampling techniques are consistent.
- Parameters:
- sample1, sample2, sample3…array_like
Arrays of observations. All of the arrays must have the same number of elements. At least three samples must be given.
- axisint or None, default: 0
If an int, the axis of the input along which to compute the statistic. The statistic of each axis-slice (e.g. row) of the input will appear in a corresponding element of the output. If
None
, the input will be raveled before computing the statistic.- nan_policy{‘propagate’, ‘omit’, ‘raise’}
Defines how to handle input NaNs.
propagate
: if a NaN is present in the axis slice (e.g. row) along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.omit
: NaNs will be omitted when performing the calculation. If insufficient data remains in the axis slice along which the statistic is computed, the corresponding entry of the output will be NaN.raise
: if a NaN is present, aValueError
will be raised.
- keepdimsbool, default: False
If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.
- Returns:
- statisticfloat
The test statistic, correcting for ties.
- pvaluefloat
The associated p-value assuming that the test statistic has a chi squared distribution.
See also
- Friedman test for repeated samples
Extended example
Notes
Due to the assumption that the test statistic has a chi squared distribution, the p-value is only reliable for n > 10 and more than 6 repeated samples.
Beginning in SciPy 1.9,
np.matrix
inputs (not recommended for new code) are converted tonp.ndarray
before the calculation is performed. In this case, the output will be a scalar ornp.ndarray
of appropriate shape rather than a 2Dnp.matrix
. Similarly, while masked elements of masked arrays are ignored, the output will be a scalar ornp.ndarray
rather than a masked array withmask=False
.References
[2]Demsar, J. (2006). Statistical comparisons of classifiers over multiple data sets. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 7, 1-30.
Examples
>>> import numpy as np >>> rng = np.random.default_rng(seed=18) >>> x = rng.random((6, 10)) >>> from scipy.stats import friedmanchisquare >>> res = friedmanchisquare(x[0], x[1], x[2], x[3], x[4], x[5]) >>> res.statistic, res.pvalue (11.428571428571416, 0.043514520866727614)
The p-value is less than 0.05; however, as noted above, the results may not be reliable since we have a small number of repeated samples.
For a more detailed example, see Friedman test for repeated samples.