# scipy.signal.sosfreqz#

scipy.signal.sosfreqz(sos, worN=512, whole=False, fs=6.283185307179586)[source]#

Compute the frequency response of a digital filter in SOS format.

Given sos, an array with shape (n, 6) of second order sections of a digital filter, compute the frequency response of the system function:

       B0(z)   B1(z)         B{n-1}(z)
H(z) = ----- * ----- * ... * ---------
A0(z)   A1(z)         A{n-1}(z)


for z = exp(omega*1j), where B{k}(z) and A{k}(z) are numerator and denominator of the transfer function of the k-th second order section.

Parameters:
sosarray_like

Array of second-order filter coefficients, must have shape (n_sections, 6). Each row corresponds to a second-order section, with the first three columns providing the numerator coefficients and the last three providing the denominator coefficients.

worN{None, int, array_like}, optional

If a single integer, then compute at that many frequencies (default is N=512). Using a number that is fast for FFT computations can result in faster computations (see Notes of freqz).

If an array_like, compute the response at the frequencies given (must be 1-D). These are in the same units as fs.

wholebool, optional

Normally, frequencies are computed from 0 to the Nyquist frequency, fs/2 (upper-half of unit-circle). If whole is True, compute frequencies from 0 to fs.

fsfloat, optional

The sampling frequency of the digital system. Defaults to 2*pi radians/sample (so w is from 0 to pi).

New in version 1.2.0.

Returns:
wndarray

The frequencies at which h was computed, in the same units as fs. By default, w is normalized to the range [0, pi) (radians/sample).

hndarray

The frequency response, as complex numbers.

Notes

New in version 0.19.0.

Examples

Design a 15th-order bandpass filter in SOS format.

>>> from scipy import signal
>>> import numpy as np
>>> sos = signal.ellip(15, 0.5, 60, (0.2, 0.4), btype='bandpass',
...                    output='sos')


Compute the frequency response at 1500 points from DC to Nyquist.

>>> w, h = signal.sosfreqz(sos, worN=1500)


Plot the response.

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> plt.subplot(2, 1, 1)
>>> db = 20*np.log10(np.maximum(np.abs(h), 1e-5))
>>> plt.plot(w/np.pi, db)
>>> plt.ylim(-75, 5)
>>> plt.grid(True)
>>> plt.yticks([0, -20, -40, -60])
>>> plt.ylabel('Gain [dB]')
>>> plt.title('Frequency Response')
>>> plt.subplot(2, 1, 2)
>>> plt.plot(w/np.pi, np.angle(h))
>>> plt.grid(True)
>>> plt.yticks([-np.pi, -0.5*np.pi, 0, 0.5*np.pi, np.pi],
...            [r'$-\pi$', r'$-\pi/2$', '0', r'$\pi/2$', r'$\pi$'])
>>> plt.xlabel('Normalized frequency (1.0 = Nyquist)')
>>> plt.show()


If the same filter is implemented as a single transfer function, numerical error corrupts the frequency response:

>>> b, a = signal.ellip(15, 0.5, 60, (0.2, 0.4), btype='bandpass',
...                    output='ba')
>>> w, h = signal.freqz(b, a, worN=1500)
>>> plt.subplot(2, 1, 1)
>>> db = 20*np.log10(np.maximum(np.abs(h), 1e-5))
>>> plt.plot(w/np.pi, db)
>>> plt.ylim(-75, 5)
>>> plt.grid(True)
>>> plt.yticks([0, -20, -40, -60])
>>> plt.ylabel('Gain [dB]')
>>> plt.title('Frequency Response')
>>> plt.subplot(2, 1, 2)
>>> plt.plot(w/np.pi, np.angle(h))
>>> plt.grid(True)
>>> plt.yticks([-np.pi, -0.5*np.pi, 0, 0.5*np.pi, np.pi],
...            [r'$-\pi$', r'$-\pi/2$', '0', r'$\pi/2$', r'$\pi$'])