laplace#
- scipy.ndimage.laplace(input, output=None, mode='reflect', cval=0.0, *, axes=None)[source]#
N-D Laplace filter based on approximate second derivatives.
- Parameters:
- inputarray_like
The input array.
- outputarray or dtype, optional
The array in which to place the output, or the dtype of the returned array. By default an array of the same dtype as input will be created.
- modestr or sequence, optional
The mode parameter determines how the input array is extended when the filter overlaps a border. By passing a sequence of modes with length equal to the number of dimensions of the input array, different modes can be specified along each axis. Default value is ‘reflect’. The valid values and their behavior is as follows:
- ‘reflect’ (d c b a | a b c d | d c b a)
The input is extended by reflecting about the edge of the last pixel. This mode is also sometimes referred to as half-sample symmetric.
- ‘constant’ (k k k k | a b c d | k k k k)
The input is extended by filling all values beyond the edge with the same constant value, defined by the cval parameter.
- ‘nearest’ (a a a a | a b c d | d d d d)
The input is extended by replicating the last pixel.
- ‘mirror’ (d c b | a b c d | c b a)
The input is extended by reflecting about the center of the last pixel. This mode is also sometimes referred to as whole-sample symmetric.
- ‘wrap’ (a b c d | a b c d | a b c d)
The input is extended by wrapping around to the opposite edge.
For consistency with the interpolation functions, the following mode names can also be used:
- ‘grid-constant’
This is a synonym for ‘constant’.
- ‘grid-mirror’
This is a synonym for ‘reflect’.
- ‘grid-wrap’
This is a synonym for ‘wrap’.
- cvalscalar, optional
Value to fill past edges of input if mode is ‘constant’. Default is 0.0.
- axestuple of int or None
The axes over which to apply the filter. If a mode tuple is provided, its length must match the number of axes.
- Returns:
- laplacendarray
Filtered array. Has the same shape as input.
Examples
>>> from scipy import ndimage, datasets >>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt >>> fig = plt.figure() >>> plt.gray() # show the filtered result in grayscale >>> ax1 = fig.add_subplot(121) # left side >>> ax2 = fig.add_subplot(122) # right side >>> ascent = datasets.ascent() >>> result = ndimage.laplace(ascent) >>> ax1.imshow(ascent) >>> ax2.imshow(result) >>> plt.show()