scipy.stats.ttest_1samp(a, popmean, axis=0, nan_policy='propagate')[source]

Calculate the T-test for the mean of ONE group of scores.

This is a two-sided test for the null hypothesis that the expected value (mean) of a sample of independent observations a is equal to the given population mean, popmean.


a : array_like

sample observation

popmean : float or array_like

expected value in null hypothesis, if array_like than it must have the same shape as a excluding the axis dimension

axis : int or None, optional

Axis along which to compute test. If None, compute over the whole array a.

nan_policy : {‘propagate’, ‘raise’, ‘omit’}, optional

Defines how to handle when input contains nan. ‘propagate’ returns nan, ‘raise’ throws an error, ‘omit’ performs the calculations ignoring nan values. Default is ‘propagate’.


statistic : float or array


pvalue : float or array

two-tailed p-value


>>> from scipy import stats
>>> np.random.seed(7654567)  # fix seed to get the same result
>>> rvs = stats.norm.rvs(loc=5, scale=10, size=(50,2))

Test if mean of random sample is equal to true mean, and different mean. We reject the null hypothesis in the second case and don’t reject it in the first case.

>>> stats.ttest_1samp(rvs,5.0)
(array([-0.68014479, -0.04323899]), array([ 0.49961383,  0.96568674]))
>>> stats.ttest_1samp(rvs,0.0)
(array([ 2.77025808,  4.11038784]), array([ 0.00789095,  0.00014999]))

Examples using axis and non-scalar dimension for population mean.

>>> stats.ttest_1samp(rvs,[5.0,0.0])
(array([-0.68014479,  4.11038784]), array([  4.99613833e-01,   1.49986458e-04]))
>>> stats.ttest_1samp(rvs.T,[5.0,0.0],axis=1)
(array([-0.68014479,  4.11038784]), array([  4.99613833e-01,   1.49986458e-04]))
>>> stats.ttest_1samp(rvs,[[5.0],[0.0]])
(array([[-0.68014479, -0.04323899],
       [ 2.77025808,  4.11038784]]), array([[  4.99613833e-01,   9.65686743e-01],
       [  7.89094663e-03,   1.49986458e-04]]))