SciPy

scipy.special.zeta

scipy.special.zeta(x, q=None, out=None)[source]

Riemann or Hurwitz zeta function.

Parameters:

x : array_like of float

Input data, must be real

q : array_like of float, optional

Input data, must be real. Defaults to Riemann zeta.

out : ndarray, optional

Output array for the computed values.

Returns:

out : array_like

Values of zeta(x).

See also

zetac

Notes

The two-argument version is the Hurwitz zeta function:

\[\zeta(x, q) = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(k + q)^x},\]

Riemann zeta function corresponds to q = 1.

Examples

>>> from scipy.special import zeta, polygamma, factorial

Some specific values:

>>> zeta(2), np.pi**2/6
(1.6449340668482266, 1.6449340668482264)
>>> zeta(4), np.pi**4/90
(1.0823232337111381, 1.082323233711138)

Relation to the polygamma function:

>>> m = 3
>>> x = 1.25
>>> polygamma(m, x)
array(2.782144009188397)
>>> (-1)**(m+1) * factorial(m) * zeta(m+1, x)
2.7821440091883969

Previous topic

scipy.special.spence

Next topic

scipy.special.zetac