class scipy.sparse.dia_matrix(arg1, shape=None, dtype=None, copy=False)[source]

Sparse matrix with DIAgonal storage

This can be instantiated in several ways:
with a dense matrix
with another sparse matrix S (equivalent to S.todia())
dia_matrix((M, N), [dtype])
to construct an empty matrix with shape (M, N), dtype is optional, defaulting to dtype=’d’.
dia_matrix((data, offsets), shape=(M, N))
where the data[k,:] stores the diagonal entries for diagonal offsets[k] (See example below)


Sparse matrices can be used in arithmetic operations: they support addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and matrix power.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from scipy.sparse import dia_matrix
>>> dia_matrix((3, 4), dtype=np.int8).toarray()
array([[0, 0, 0, 0],
       [0, 0, 0, 0],
       [0, 0, 0, 0]], dtype=int8)
>>> data = np.array([[1, 2, 3, 4]]).repeat(3, axis=0)
>>> offsets = np.array([0, -1, 2])
>>> dia_matrix((data, offsets), shape=(4, 4)).toarray()
array([[1, 0, 3, 0],
       [1, 2, 0, 4],
       [0, 2, 3, 0],
       [0, 0, 3, 4]])


nnz Number of stored values, including explicit zeros.
dtype (dtype) Data type of the matrix
shape (2-tuple) Shape of the matrix
ndim (int) Number of dimensions (this is always 2)
data DIA format data array of the matrix
offsets DIA format offset array of the matrix


arcsin() Element-wise arcsin.
arcsinh() Element-wise arcsinh.
arctan() Element-wise arctan.
arctanh() Element-wise arctanh.
asformat(format) Return this matrix in a given sparse format
asfptype() Upcast matrix to a floating point format (if necessary)
ceil() Element-wise ceil.
count_nonzero() Number of non-zero entries, equivalent to
deg2rad() Element-wise deg2rad.
diagonal() Returns the main diagonal of the matrix
dot(other) Ordinary dot product
expm1() Element-wise expm1.
floor() Element-wise floor.
getcol(j) Returns a copy of column j of the matrix, as an (m x 1) sparse matrix (column vector).
getnnz([axis]) Number of stored values, including explicit zeros.
getrow(i) Returns a copy of row i of the matrix, as a (1 x n) sparse matrix (row vector).
log1p() Element-wise log1p.
mean([axis, dtype, out]) Compute the arithmetic mean along the specified axis.
multiply(other) Point-wise multiplication by another matrix
nonzero() nonzero indices
power(n[, dtype]) This function performs element-wise power.
rad2deg() Element-wise rad2deg.
reshape(shape[, order]) Gives a new shape to a sparse matrix without changing its data.
rint() Element-wise rint.
setdiag(values[, k]) Set diagonal or off-diagonal elements of the array.
sign() Element-wise sign.
sin() Element-wise sin.
sinh() Element-wise sinh.
sqrt() Element-wise sqrt.
sum([axis, dtype, out]) Sum the matrix elements over a given axis.
tan() Element-wise tan.
tanh() Element-wise tanh.
toarray([order, out]) Return a dense ndarray representation of this matrix.
tobsr([blocksize, copy]) Convert this matrix to Block Sparse Row format.
tocoo([copy]) Convert this matrix to COOrdinate format.
tocsc([copy]) Convert this matrix to Compressed Sparse Column format.
tocsr([copy]) Convert this matrix to Compressed Sparse Row format.
todense([order, out]) Return a dense matrix representation of this matrix.
todia([copy]) Convert this matrix to sparse DIAgonal format.
todok([copy]) Convert this matrix to Dictionary Of Keys format.
tolil([copy]) Convert this matrix to LInked List format.
transpose([axes, copy]) Reverses the dimensions of the sparse matrix.
trunc() Element-wise trunc.