scipy.signal.gauss_spline¶

scipy.signal.gauss_spline(x, n)[source]

Gaussian approximation to B-spline basis function of order n.

Parameters
xarray

a knot vector

nint

The order of the spline. Must be non-negative, i.e., n >= 0

Returns
resndarray

B-spline basis function values approximated by a zero-mean Gaussian function.

Notes

The B-spline basis function can be approximated well by a zero-mean Gaussian function with standard-deviation equal to $$\sigma=(n+1)/12$$ for large n :

$\frac{1}{\sqrt {2\pi\sigma^2}}exp(-\frac{x^2}{2\sigma})$

References

1

Bouma H., Vilanova A., Bescos J.O., ter Haar Romeny B.M., Gerritsen F.A. (2007) Fast and Accurate Gaussian Derivatives Based on B-Splines. In: Sgallari F., Murli A., Paragios N. (eds) Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision. SSVM 2007. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4485. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

2

http://folk.uio.no/inf3330/scripting/doc/python/SciPy/tutorial/old/node24.html

Examples

We can calculate B-Spline basis functions approximated by a gaussian distribution:

>>> from scipy.signal import gauss_spline, bspline
>>> knots = np.array([-1.0, 0.0, -1.0])
>>> gauss_spline(knots, 3)
array([0.15418033, 0.6909883, 0.15418033])  # may vary

>>> bspline(knots, 3)
array([0.16666667, 0.66666667, 0.16666667])  # may vary