scipy.signal.argrelmax(data, axis=0, order=1, mode='clip')[source]

Calculate the relative maxima of data.

data : ndarray

Array in which to find the relative maxima.

axis : int, optional

Axis over which to select from data. Default is 0.

order : int, optional

How many points on each side to use for the comparison to consider comparator(n, n+x) to be True.

mode : str, optional

How the edges of the vector are treated. Available options are ‘wrap’ (wrap around) or ‘clip’ (treat overflow as the same as the last (or first) element). Default ‘clip’. See numpy.take.

extrema : tuple of ndarrays

Indices of the maxima in arrays of integers. extrema[k] is the array of indices of axis k of data. Note that the return value is a tuple even when data is one-dimensional.


This function uses argrelextrema with np.greater as comparator. Therefore it requires a strict inequality on both sides of a value to consider it a maximum. This means flat maxima (more than one sample wide) are not detected. In case of one-dimensional data find_peaks can be used to detect all local maxima, including flat ones.

New in version 0.11.0.


>>> from scipy.signal import argrelmax
>>> x = np.array([2, 1, 2, 3, 2, 0, 1, 0])
>>> argrelmax(x)
(array([3, 6]),)
>>> y = np.array([[1, 2, 1, 2],
...               [2, 2, 0, 0],
...               [5, 3, 4, 4]])
>>> argrelmax(y, axis=1)
(array([0]), array([1]))

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