Construct a new piecewise polynomial representing the antiderivative.

Antiderivative is also the indefinite integral of the function, and derivative is its inverse operation.

nu : int, optional

Order of antiderivative to evaluate. Default is 1, i.e. compute the first integral. If negative, the derivative is returned.

pp : PPoly

Piecewise polynomial of order k2 = k + n representing the antiderivative of this polynomial.


The antiderivative returned by this function is continuous and continuously differentiable to order n-1, up to floating point rounding error.

If antiderivative is computed and self.extrapolate='periodic', it will be set to False for the returned instance. This is done because the antiderivative is no longer periodic and its correct evaluation outside of the initially given x interval is difficult.