# scipy.integrate.trapz¶

scipy.integrate.trapz(y, x=None, dx=1.0, axis=- 1)

Integrate along the given axis using the composite trapezoidal rule.

Integrate y (x) along given axis.

Parameters
yarray_like

Input array to integrate.

xarray_like, optional

The sample points corresponding to the y values. If x is None, the sample points are assumed to be evenly spaced dx apart. The default is None.

dxscalar, optional

The spacing between sample points when x is None. The default is 1.

axisint, optional

The axis along which to integrate.

Returns
trapzfloat

Definite integral as approximated by trapezoidal rule.

numpy.cumsum

Notes

Image [2] illustrates trapezoidal rule – y-axis locations of points will be taken from y array, by default x-axis distances between points will be 1.0, alternatively they can be provided with x array or with dx scalar. Return value will be equal to combined area under the red lines.

References

1

2

Examples

>>> np.trapz([1,2,3])
4.0
>>> np.trapz([1,2,3], x=[4,6,8])
8.0
>>> np.trapz([1,2,3], dx=2)
8.0
>>> a = np.arange(6).reshape(2, 3)
>>> a
array([[0, 1, 2],
[3, 4, 5]])
>>> np.trapz(a, axis=0)
array([1.5, 2.5, 3.5])
>>> np.trapz(a, axis=1)
array([2.,  8.])

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